Constipation is a common health problem in dogs and refers to the inability to pass a normal stool on a regular basis.
This can happen for different reasons and usually can be easily fixed, but some dogs may experience chronic constipation. This can lead to obstipation where the stool becomes drier, harder, and compacted and the dog can’t defecate at all.
In normal digestion, waste is full of water and electrolytes as it is pushed through the intestines to the colon by an automatic muscular motion called peristaltic waves. The water is absorbed in the colon and the waste is moved out as a stool. If this process becomes slow or impaired, the colon will keep absorbing water and the stool will become harder, drier, and possibly compacted.
Common causes of constipation in dogs
Symptoms of dog constipation
Lack of exercise
Not enough fiber
Blockages from eating non-food items like garbage, bones, gravel, or plants
Too much self-grooming that leads to hair collecting in the stool
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