Pilocarpine is a prescription medication used to treat glaucoma and other, similar conditions of the eye. It works to reduce pressure by increasing the amount of fluid that is drained, helping to relieve uncomfortable symptoms. This safe and effective formula is a topical medication that’s administered directly. Veterinarians may use this in the treatment of companion animals. Customers may receive this drug under the names Isopto, Akarpine, Pilocar.
The primary use of pilocarpine in pets is to treat neurogenic KCS, which is caused by interrupted neurological signaling to the lacrimal glands. In dogs with coinciding dryness of the nasal mucous membranes, pilocarpine will also increase nasal secretions. Oral administration, but not topical ocular administration, increases tear production in dogs.
Possible Side Effects
Call your vet if any of these occur: itching or hives, swelling, trouble breathing, fast, slow, or uneven heartbeat.
Drug & Food Interactions
Always tell your vet about all medications and supplements your pet is taking before using Pilocarpine.
Pilocarpine is contraindicated in pets with a history of hypersensitivity to it or any component of the formulation. Avoid use in dogs with glaucoma secondary to uveitis or lens luxation, as the induction of miosis may lead to blockage of aqueous humor flow through the pupil, thus worsening glaucoma.
This drug is FDA-approved for human use. However, it is common practice for veterinarians to prescribe such drugs for use in dogs, cats and horses.
Active Ingredients: Pilocarpine Hydrochloride 10 mg (1%).
Inactive Ingredients: Hypromellose (2910) 5 mg (0.5%), Boric Acid, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Citrate, Hydrochloric Acid and/or Sodium Hydroxide may be added to adjust pH (3.5 to 5.5) and Water for Injection.
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